This a coronavirus is different from a flu virus and this one is scary because it is a brand new virus so we don’t know how it’s going to behave. This is an outbreak of disease that started in Wuhan, one of the central Chinese cities. It is caused by a novel coronavirus that means it’s brand-new, so new that actually, it doesn’t have a name yet. [ The Brand new Coronavirus ].
It’s from a family called the coronaviruses, the symptoms of this illness are pretty mundane on the face of it.
Symptoms: It’s a dry cough fever and then breathing problems. It seems quite mild in lots of people and probably those people don’t end up in the hospital at all. We only know about the more severe cases which are where people have gone on to develop viral pneumonia and those people obviously end up in the hospital and all the deaths have been amongst those people.
Where are cases found so far: This brand new coronavirus came from animals and it’s believed that the source was actually a seafood market in Wuhan, which also sells wild animals. As far as we know, all the cases have come out of Wuhan and some of these people are in places like Thailand and Japa. Scientists haven’t picked it up any trace of the virus there. they actually got it in Wuhan and then they traveled in China.
In most of the cases, it’s older people who are ending up in the hospital, with this they’re usually over 40 and the very youngest person diagnosed is about 13 or 14 years old. [ The Brand new Coronavirus ].
So it doesn’t appear to be affecting small children and those who have died tend actually to have underlying conditions as they say they’re frail. They may have heart disease or cancer already and so they’re vulnerable. Basically their immune systems are not very robust and they’re going to find it very hard to fight off a virus. We have only just discovered that the new coronavirus is actually transmitted from one person to another.
It was hoped at first actually, that it just came from animals as all coronaviruses do but now it looks as though it is actually passed from one human being to another. So we’ve got people-to-people transmission because the markets been closed for some time and there are cases in people who’ve never been near it.
There actually no treatment at the moment at all because this is a virus, antibiotics won’t work against it that they only work against bacteria, not viruses. The only thing that you need to know at the moment is that there is no antiviral treatment to it and none of the flu drugs that we’ve got are tested as of yet.